How to Clean Install OS X Mavericks

Oct 26, 2013 - 8 Comments

The default solution for installing OS X Mavericks is to download it free from the App Store and then perform an upgrade from a previous version of Mac OS X, whether that’s from Mountain Lion or Snow Leopard. Upgrades are fast, efficient, and most important, very easy, and that’s the recommended option for the vast majority of Mac users. Nonetheless, some users may want to start fresh with a blank slate, using what’s known as a “clean install” and that’s what we’re going to cover here. Performing a clean install can be desirable for a variety of reasons, from ditching years of built-up cruft on older Macs from many years of OS X upgrades, to troubleshooting difficult issues, to transferring ownership of a Mac to a new owner.

How to Clean Install OS X Mavericks

The process of a clean install is not difficult if you follow these instructions, but because it involves formatting the Macs hard drive, it can result in extra work. Since the Mac will start with a clean slate, all apps must be downloaded and installed again, important documents and personal data must be manually transferred back over from backups, and system settings must be customized again. This typically makes it more appropriate for advanced users or for select situations (like selling a Mac), and thus it should not be considered a standard upgrade path to get to OS X 10.9 Mavericks.

Warning: Performing a format and clean install of OS X will erase the Macs hard drive and all contents on the drive will be removed. All files, applications, documents, photos, customizations, everything on the computer will be lost in this process. Understand this and know what you are doing, and why, to prevent data loss of critical files. We can not reiterate this enough.

How to Format & Clean Install OS X Mavericks on a Mac

You will need a bootable OS X 10.9 installer drive to accomplish a clean Mavericks install using this method. You can learn how to easily create one here if you haven’t done so yet.

  • Back up the Mac first with Time Machine or by manually backing up your important data – do not skip this step or else you will not be able to recover files
  • Connect the bootable OS X Mavericks installer drive to the Mac and reboot the computer
  • Hold down the OPTION key during boot until you see the boot selector menu, then choose “Install OS X Mavericks”
  • Select the Mavericks boot installer disk

  • At the “OS X Utilities” screen, choose “Disk Utility”
  • Select Disk Utility from the Utilities menu

  • Select the hard drive or partition to format from the left menu, then choose the “Erase” tab
  • Select format type “Mac OS Extended (Journaled)”, give it a logical name (like Macintosh HD), and choose “Erase”, confirm to erase at the next screen
  • Format the Mac hard drive for the clean install of Mavericks

  • When finished erasing the disk, quit out of Disk Utility to return to the normal boot menu
  • From the “OS X Utilities” menu, now choose “Install OS X”, click “Continue” and agree to the terms of service, and select the freshly formatted “Macintosh HD” drive to begin the clean install process
  • Start the clean install of OS X Mavericks

Begin the Mavericks clean install

(Excuse the unusual picture quality, some images taken with an iPhone 5 during the boot install process where screen shots are not allowed)

A clean installation of OS X Mavericks takes about 35-45 minutes to complete, depending on the speed of the install drive and the volume OS X is being installed onto. When Mavericks is finished installing, the Mac will reboot itself automatically and go through the initial setup process for OS X Mavericks. Register, create a user login, set the Apple ID and iCloud details, and you’re all done. You’ll boot directly to a very blank OS X installation, similar to the experience of getting a brand new Mac.

A fresh OS X installation is very bare with just about nothing included outside of the core system and basic Mac apps (intentionally so), thus any custom applications or apps you had previously downloaded from the web or App Store will need to be downloaded and installed again. For apps from the Mac App Store, that’s fairly easy, but for third party apps you will need to access them independently through the developers.

If you are keeping the Mac yourself, you will probably want to transfer your old data, documents, photos, and files back onto the Mac. This is a good time to access Time Machine to selectively restore certain files, or access backups made to network drives, DropBox, CrashPlan, external backup drives, USB flash disks, whatever your preferred backup method is and from where ever stored your data.

If you’re new to Mavericks, don’t miss these simple tips to get you started with some of the great new features.

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Posted by: Paul Horowitz in Mac OS X, Tips & Tricks

8 Comments

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  1. For those who had problems creating a USB bootable device using Mac OS X Snow Leopard, I made a little app like Lion DiskMaker.

  2. Colin says:

    Or, you can just restart you mac, hold down Command-R and it boots up with the same first window

  3. Jerome says:

    Hi,
    I had some problem creating a working USB bootable Mavericks installer and I found out a simpler approach (at least for me that wanted a new HDD). You will need however 2 pieces of new hardware and a screw driver:
    - a new hard disk drive for your MAC e.g. 250 GB SSD faster and lighter
    - a SATA to USB External Hard Drive Enclosure
    1) After downloading the Mavericks installer from the App Store, locate it in your Applications directory.
    2) Switch your Mac off
    3) Replace previous hard disk with new one.
    4) Insert previous hard disk (with Mavericks installer on it) in the USB External Hard Drive Enclosure
    5) Connect the USB External Hard Drive Enclosure to your Mac
    6) Switch on your Mac and press option key to select your previous HDD to boot on. You will find exactly your previous setup (slower because connected through USB instead of SATA)
    7) Use DiskUtility to format/partition adequately your brand new HDD (not your previous!) http://osxdaily.com/2012/01/04/format-an-external-hard-drive-or-usb-flash-drive-for-mac-os-x/
    8) Go to Applications and launch Mavericks installer
    9) When asked on which Mavericks should be installed, selected your brand new formatted disk and wait until the complete installation is performed.
    10) You can then re-populate your new HDD with your previous data from your previous HDD now in the USB Enclosure.
    I just wanted to share this experience with other OS X users. This alternative way worked for me from Lion to Mavericks. Do it at your own risks. Be cautious when replacing your hard drive and when doing your formatting/partitioning.

  4. punom says:

    I just wanted to share this experience with other OS X users. This alternative way worked for me from Lion to Mavericks. Do it at your own risks. Be cautious when replacing your hard drive and when doing your formatting/partitioning.

  5. André says:

    I got everything to work, I got the USB all set as in the tutorial though it doesn’t let me do anything when I’m in the “OS X utilities” after I’ve started the computer while holding the option key. It doesn’t respond more than that I can move up and down through the choices, I can’t press continue.

    Please help, this is killing me :/

  6. Kim says:

    Fresh install of Mavericks happening as I type this comment! People if you follow all directions carefully including spell check when creating boot disk all will work!! Thanks for for all the great info!

  7. Platter says:

    Worked fine. Follow exactly, no change needed apart from your bootable disk name. Thanks..!!

  8. Gustav L says:

    If you installed a new hard drive and were thorough enough to unplug the battery you might get a message like
    “This mavericks installation is corrupt”

    For me it was the system clock which was set back to year 2000 (ish)

    Fix:
    From the menu bar, start Terminal.
    Enter the command
    date 112821592014
    Which means “nov 28th 21:59 2014″

    This solved my “corrupted” mavericks install disc anyway!

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