Install Software Updates from the Command Line
We all know the familiar Mac OS X Software Update and App Store Updates panel, it pops up weekly to give us a nice GUI interface to install all the latest updates to our Apple software. But did you know that you can get the same list, query the available updates list, and even install updates from the command line?
Installing software updates from the command line is incredibly useful for remote management of machines, just SSH into a Mac and run the appropriate commands. Read on for more…
To install software updates from the command line, you’ll use the aptly named ‘softwareupdate’ command. Here are the most relevant usages of the command for most users:
will give you a list of all updates available
softwareupdate -i [package name]
will install the specified package
softwareupdate -i -a
will install all updates available
softwareupdate -i -r
will install only the recommended updates
softwareupdate --ignore [package name]
will ignore specified update
for more info on the softwareupdate command
You’ll likely need to use the sudo command to actually install the updates on a Mac, simply place sudo in front of one of the above commands to run it with full permissions as root.
sudo softwareupdate -i -r
great, I have broken my logon. windowserver crashed.
maybe this is my hope :(
For users trying to do this over Apple Remote Desktop and you would like to pull the updates from a local OSX Server you do this:
Open up Apple Remote Desktop
Choose the computers you wish to update from the computer list that you have created. Click the UNIX button at the top of the window.
IMPORTANT: On the ratio button click the “user” button. Now type in the username that you use in ARD to control the machines. In my case I use “arduser”. If you don’t do this ARD will complain that a correct console user is not available.
Next type in the command
softwareupdate (switches as described above) (ip address or domain name of local OSX Update server)
where the switches are the type of command you want (-l, -a etc)
and the IP address of the server you want to pull from.
in my example it would be
softwareupdate -i 192.168.1.240
This will tell Software Update to list all available updates AND to poll those updates from 192.168.1.240 NOT from Apple’s SU servers. If you WANT ard to pull from the Internet then just don’t place an ip address or domain after the command (this is what you want if you aren’t running a OSX Server on your network)
You can use a domain name instead if your DNS settings are set in the Network control panel and your DNS server(s) are setup correctly.
For the record, I would recommend against doing this for the time being — it seems to have hosed my machines recently, hard to say if it’s from the updates or from using this command. I think it’s buggy.
Somehow I have never known about this, you just made my job a whole lot easier though, thanks a bunch