Command Line

The command line interface is an alternate method of interacting with OS X, relying on text based command entry to execute commands and perform tasks. It is accessed on the Mac by using the Terminal application. Generally, the command line is considered advanced, and thus it’s usage tends to be more complex than many standard procedures on a Mac.

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Release & Renew DHCP from the Command Line with ipconfig

Jul 30, 2015 - 3 Comments
Terminal in OS X

If you need to release and renew DHCP from the command line on a Mac, the helpful ipconfig utility is able to do so quickly. Do keep in mind that for most OS X users, renewing a DHCP lease from the Mac System Preferences is the best approach because it’s user friendly and just as … Read More

Where to Set Environment Variables in Mac OS X

Jul 28, 2015 - 7 Comments
Terminal in OS X

At the command line, environmental variables are defined for the current shell and become inherited by any running command or process. They can determine anything from the default shell, the PATH, the users home directory, to the terminal emulation type, current working directory, where a history file is located, language and localization settings, and going … Read More

How to Find Wi-Fi Network Passwords from Command Line on Mac

Jul 24, 2015 - 8 Comments
Terminal in OS X

Given the complexity of some wi-fi network passwords combined with the general infrequency of entering them and that they’re typically saved on use, it’s not terribly unusual to forget what a specific routers wireless password is. Fortunately, if you’re on a Mac, there are a few ways to go about finding those lost or forgotten … Read More

How to Add Gatekeeper Exceptions from Command Line in Mac OS X

Jul 15, 2015 - 7 Comments
Terminal in OS X

Typically if you want to have an application launch approved by the GateKeeper feature on a Mac, you right-click on the unidentified developers application and choose “Open”, or go through System Preferences to bypass Gatekeeper that way. Another option is to manually add application approvals and exceptions to Gatekeeper by turning to the command line … Read More

How to Load & Unload Kernel Extensions in OS X

Jun 24, 2015 - 5 Comments
Loading and unloading kernel extensions in Mac OS X

Kernel extensions, called kext for short, are modules of code that are loaded directly into the kernel space of OS X, able to run at a low-level to perform a variety of tasks. Most kexts are part of the core Mac OS X system software, typically hardware device drivers, but some third party apps will … Read More

How to Copy an ISO to a USB Drive from Mac OS X with dd

Jun 5, 2015 - 8 Comments
Find the disk identifier with diskutil list to direct dd to

If you have downloaded an ISO image of another operating system, say Ubuntu Linux or Windows 10, and you wish to turn that ISO image file into a bootable USB installer drive using a USB flash drive or USB key, you’ll find the most reliable way to copy or ‘burn’ the ISO to that target … Read More

Find Detailed Wi-Fi Connection History from Command Line of Mac OS X

Jun 3, 2015 - 2 Comments
retrieve-detailed-wireless-network-connection-history-mac-os-x

There are some situations where knowing exactly what wireless networks a Mac has connected to and when that connection was last established can be helpful. We’ll demonstrate how to uncover a comprehensive listing of specifics about previously joined wi-fi networks, which will include the last connection date and time (to the second!), if the network … Read More

How to Change DNS from Command Line of Mac OS X

Jun 2, 2015 - 3 Comments
Terminal in OS X

Advanced Mac users may find it useful to know that DNS servers in OS X can be set from the command line, without having to turn to the System Preferences Network control panel. While the GUI Network control panel is undeniably the easiest approach for most Mac users, the command line method offers benefits for … Read More

How to Disable Gatekeeper from Command Line in Mac OS X

May 4, 2015 - 3 Comments
Gatekeeper warning in Mac OS X prevents unknown apps being launched

Though most Mac users will want to keep Gatekeeper enabled for security purposes, some advanced users find that Gatekeeper is overly zealous in preventing third party apps from being used in OS X. While it’s easy to turn off Gatekeeper through the System Preferences on a Mac, another option is to disable Gatekeeper by using … Read More

How to Read .cap Packet Capture File on Mac OS X with tcpdump

May 1, 2015 - Leave a Comment
read-captured-packet-cap-file

Whether performing a packet trace or sniffing and capturing packets from a network, the result is usually the creation of a .cap capture file. That .cap, pcap, or wcap packet capture file is created regardless of what you’re using to sniff a network, a fairly common task among network administrators and security professionals. Perhaps the … Read More

How to Resize a VirtualBox VDI or VHD File on Mac OS X

Apr 7, 2015 - 1 Comment
VirtualBox manager

If you use VirtualBox to run guest operating systems within a virtual machine on the Mac, like Windows 10 or Ubuntu Linux, you may find yourself needing to resize the virtual disk size where the OS resides. This is often the case when you inadequately estimate how much space is required for properly installing in … Read More

How to Find the Build Number of OS X on a Mac

Mar 23, 2015 - 3 Comments
Find the build number of OS X from the command line with sw_vers

Each release of OS X has a unique build number assigned to it to represent the changes found in that version of system software, often these changes are minor and incremental, but with major OS X releases the build numbers can change significantly. Though average Mac users won’t need to know the build number of … Read More

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